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Alan Turing in Google Doodle

Alan Mathison Turing (1912 to 1954), an English mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst and computer scientist is today remembered and showed respect by Google. Today the Google search Engine displays Alan Turing Code as its Google Doodle, on his 100th birth anniversary.

Alan Turing is considered to be the father of computer science and artificial intelligence. He was also known as a Nazi cipher breaker and a computer games AI pioneer. He was highly influential in the development of computer science, providing a formalisation of the concepts of “algorithm” and “computation” with the Turing machine, which played a significant role in the creation of the modern computer.

In spite of all his achievements life was difficult  for Alan after his homosexuality resulted in a criminal prosecution in 1952, when homosexual acts were still illegal in the UK. He accepted treatment with female hormones as an alternative to prison. He died in 1954 from cyanide poisoning. It was later determined that it was suicide, his mother and some others believed his death was accidental.

On 10 September 2009, following an Internet campaign, British Prime Minister Gordon Brown made an official public apology on behalf of the British government for the way in which Turing was treated after the war.

Turing was conceived at Chhatrapur, Orissa, in British India.His father, Julius Mathison Turing, was a member of the Indian Civil Service. He and his wife Ethel Sara Stoney wanted their children to be brought up in England, so they returned to Maida Vale,London, where Turing was born on 23 June 1912.

Earlier this year Google showed respect to Robert Arthur “Bob” Moog, an American pioneer of electronic music and Russian jewellery maker Peter Carl Fabergé known for exquisite jewelled decorative objects like  Fabergé eggs.

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